China has always maintained that its trade disputes wi

th other WTO members should be properly handled according to the WTO dispute settlement proc

edures. It not only takes the initiative to file claims in order to safeguard its legal interests and the authority

of the WTO rules, but also actively responds to charges, and respects and enforces WTO rulings.

The WTO’s ruling on this dispute over shows that the orga

nization has an important role to play in safeguarding the multil

ateral trading system. It’s not simply a matter of one side tallying up a victory against the other.

The multilateral trading system, with the WTO as its core, has been a mainstay in promoting glo

bal economic development and building an open world economy. The WTO dispute settlement system is the org

anization’s court for settling trade disputes. It maintains a balance between the WTO members’ rights and oblig

ations, and also ensures the effective implementation of WTO principles and rules.

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The settlement of the dispute over agricultural product

ts between China and the United States is nothing out of the ordin

ary – it is a normal part of China’s engagement with the rules-based trading syste

m. As Mr Pascal Lamy, a former WTO director general put it, “China has delivered an ‘A-pl

us performance’ since its WTO accession,” and no WTO member has been

a perfect performer when it comes to WTO rules as each country has its own interpretation of the rules.

China will regard every dispute settlement within the WTO framework as an opportunity to cont

inuously adjust and improve its trade practices. Through the process, China will consult extensively with oth

er WTO members in order to promote reforms of the WTO that enhance the organization’s authority and effe

ctiveness so that it can better safeguard free trade and the multilateral trading system.

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Remaining poverty alleviation tasks are quite arduou

s, and government departments must make continuous efforts to ensure tasks are completed. Off

icials of poverty-stricken counties must keep a close eye on problems to ensure people can escape poverty.

The Party’s publicity work was also discussed. It’s the top political task to learn and publi

cize Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, the statement said. A

ll Party committees must pay great attention to publicity work and ensure the implementation of regulations.

A draft amendment to the Securities Law was submitted Saturday to a bimonthly session of

the National People’s Congress Standing Committee, China’s top legislature, for a third reading.

The latest revisions to the law include rules on the newly-devised science and technol

ogy innovation board, which will pilot a registration-based initial public offering (IPO) system.

Under the current IPO system, new shares are subject to approval from the China Securities Regulatory Commission before being listed.

oqvdpf.cn

Viewpoint Adding gene-editing in draft civil lawnceptual art

On Saturday, a new item was added to China’s draft civil law, which put

s all medical and scientific research related to human genes and embryos under stricter re

gulation. Two experts shared their views with China Daily’s Zhang Zhouxiang:

One major change this time is that embryos are clearly included in the draft regulation. Actually,

gene-editing of embryos deserves more attention than gene-editing of adults or children.

First, gene-editing of embryos might more easily get out of control an

d pose more risks to the society. The safety of gene-e

diting for embryos remains unknown and the availability limit of the technology needs to be confirmed.

The birth of the twin gene-edited babies in November 2018 sounded an alarming bell to all. If the embr

yos with edited genes are born, how should we protect their rights as citizens? Will they suffer fro

m discrimination? Who will be responsible if the gene-editing causes health problems?

olyfwg.cn

Walmart banks on tech innovationn escalator in a Walmart

US retail giant Walmart Inc will continue to grow its hypermarkets, Sam’s Club stores, and community-ba

sed smaller-sized supermarkets businesses in China with more advanced technologies, according to a top official.

Doug McMillon, president and CEO of Walmart, told China Daily during his visit to Shanghai on Thursday that China is still one of

the most important markets for the US retailer. Technology will be another major focus area for the com

pany in China as Walmart has always been a “people-led company that relies heavily on technology,” he said.

McMillon said Walmart has developed digital solutions to better u

nderstand customer behavior and spending patterns, which in turn has helped the ret

ailer to create new products and to solve old retail problems with modern technology.

Wern-Yuen Tan, president and CEO of Walmart China, said digital technology has hel

ped Walmart to reach out to more customers and improved the overall decisionmaking process.

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For example, technologies like artificial intelligence

have improved the company’s stocking and inventory processes.

“Earlier we were reliant on the intuitions and experience of the local operation team. With the

use of technology like AI and big data, we are getting more accurate answers.”

As a larger and older retailer, Walmart has constantly worked with startups, said McMillon, citing the new Omega 8 platf

orm that enables retail innovation startups to collaborate with Walmart China to create better services for customers.

McMillon cited the example of a scanning ring developed by a starup for

Walmart that shortens pickup time for JD Daojia orders to less than 10 minutes and impr

ovements in the overall efficiency by 50 percent. Walmart’s WeChat mini-program has over 30 million members and is

developing an e-commerce service based on WeChat to help customers shop more easily and more accurately.

njLongrun.cn

As a prominent expert on China-US studies for decade

 Zhu also was twice denied single-entry visas to the US.

“This shows how the US is trying to block normal social exchanges bet

ween the two countries, an important channel for mutual understanding and trust,” Zhu said.

Besides scholars in social sciences, the US also began last year to make it harder for Chinese graduate students to get visas if they stud

y in “sensitive research fields”. It warned biomedical researchers at US universities to beware of “Chinese spies

trying to steal information from their laboratories”, according to The New York Times report.

Jon Taylor, a professor of political science of the University o

f St. Thomas in Houston, said the decision is “both absurd and exceedingly shortsighted”.

“These scholars and researchers are social scientists with a long history of interactin

g with their American counterparts as well policymakers in both countries,” he said.

“They are scholars teaching and researching what I teach and research. What are they going to steal?”

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Wang, the Chinese think tank member, said many of

nternational relations scholars of his generation think of the US

as an example of the value of “freedom, democracy, fairness and human rights”.

“But those words are no longer applicable to describe the US today,” he said.

Wang said that for him, cancellation of the visa is nothing m

ore than a short-term absence from US academic activities, and “it is the US’ loss, not ours”.

He also said the decision would not affect the Chinese think tank he leads in continuing aca

demic exchanges with the US, and he suggests that China should not take countermeasures over such matters.

“No matter how petty the US becomes, China should still stick to its open attitude rather compete for who’s worse,” he said.

The China-proposed Belt and Road Initiative is not a geopolitical tool or a debt trap for particip

ating countries, but a platform for cooperation, State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi said on Friday.

Wang made the remark at a press conference ahead of the second Belt and Road F

orum on International Cooperation, which will be held in Beijing next week.

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Pollution ‘worsened’ by climate changeijing area could b

Smog in greater Beijing area could be thickened by 15 percent, experts say

Climate change has been making meteorological conditions in the

greater Beijing area more conducive to the generation of haze, and combined with heavy s

mog, the situation could trigger a rapid increase in the concentration of airborne pollutants, researchers said.

The National Joint Research Center for Tackling Key Problems in Air Pollution Control demonstra

ted that without a reduction in the discharge of pollutants, air quality in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei cluster

could worsen by about 10 percent and even up to 15 percent in some cities because of unfavorable meteorological co

nditions, the China Meteorological Administration said in a release on Thursday.

Heavy air pollution and a high concentration of particulate

matter is more likely to be seen when wind speeds are lower than 7.2 kilometers per hour, rel

ative humidity is above 60 percent, and there is less than a 500-meter high “mixin

g layer”, which refers to the atmospheric height over which pollutants can be dispersed, it said.

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growth of PM.5 tiny particulate matter concentration tha

that could at least double the readings,” Zhang said. He added that this could help explain the o

ccurrence of heavy PM2.5 pollution that lasts for an extended period of time in certain regions.

Zhang said the interaction of air pollution and meteorologic

al conditions could be triggered when PM2.5 density reaches 100 micrograms per cubic meter in ma

ny of the monitoring points of a region. In such situations, more solar radiation wil

l be reflected back into the space, resulting in temperature inversion and further stabilizing the ground atm

osphere. And the height of the mixing layer could decrease to only one-third of that w

hen pollution processes begin, exacerbating particulate concentration levels even further.

The center’s research also showed that global warming is increas

ing the number of days with a stable surface atmosphere in n

orthern China, especially in the cluster, making smog more likely to develop.

chitudoudemao.cn